Route 16 of the Rota Vicentina, in SW Portugal

With the end of the trail season approaching (the temperature is increasing with the beginning of Spring), last week I have walked a short circular route near Amoreira beach, Aljezur. The map is shown below.

Map of route 16 of the Rota Vicentina (in blue).

This is a short (7 km) and easy walking path that starts in Amoreira beach, at the mouth of the Aljezur brook. From the beach, the trail heads to the interior, crossing a small valley before climbing to the top of the plateau. I stopped in the valley to photograph the numerous red poppies, which add a colorful touch to the landscape. I also found a small frog in a nearby pond.

Spring landscape.
Small frog in pond.
Green valley.

After a couple of kilometers, the trail starts to cross the plateau, which is dominated by small brushes and pine trees. Here and there, a few farms dot the landscape, with cultivated fields and grazing animals.

Plateau and Monchique in the distance.
Grazing horses along the way.
Some cows.

Roughly mid way in the trail, the path turns and heads back to the coast; now the sand dunes prevail, with pine forests and shrubs. During springtime, several typical flowers are in bloom, and I stop to photograph them, using a close-up diopter filter in the telephoto zoom lens.

Three-leaved Snowflake.

After reaching the coast, I highly recommend to make a small detour to visit the beautiful Carriagem beach. I was short on time, because sunset was approaching fast, but I could not resist making a few photos. During low tide, the erosional patterns on the rock formations resemble plowed furrows. They are the result of the water cutting horizontally through the folded layers of rock, exposing their internal geometric pattern.

Carriagem beach.
Carriagem beach, with its famous eroded rock formations.

From Carriagem it is only a short walk back to Amoreira, where this particular erosion effect is also present. It really adds a special interest to the landscape. the sun had barely set behind the clouds, resulting in a soft light that was adequate to photograph these dark rock formations.

Erosional pattern seen from above.
Amoreira beach, with its wonderful rock outcrops.
General view of Amoreira beach.

Even though this is a short route, there are may interesting things to see, as the path crosses different ecosystems and landscapes, including the rural interior and the coastal environments. It was the first time I walked this trail, and I am sure I will go back. In terms of photo gear, as usual I carried two cameras (Fuji’s X-T3 and X-T4) and two lenses (Fujinon’s 16mm f/1.4 and 70-300mm f/4.5-f/5.6), plus the tripod.

A coastal walk between Vila do Bispo and Sagres, Southwest Portugal

During the first quarter of 2023, I have walked several trails of the Rota Vicentina, which is a vast network of walking and cycling paths located in the Southwest Alentejo and Vicentina Coast Natural Park. I normally walk in the circular routes because the logistics are easier. However, there are a few non-circular routes that I wanted to walk, notably the one between the villages of Vila do Bispo and Sagres, in the Algarve region of the park. Throughout the years I have visited this area a few times, in particular some beautiful locations such as the lighthouse in São Vicente, and the beaches of Telheiro and Ponta Ruiva. As such, I wanted to go back this year and walk the complete trail, not only parts of it.

This corresponds to route TP-09, which is stage 9 of the Trilho dos Pescadores, or Fishermen’s Trail. The latter is a long 180 km route that follows along this entire coast, roughly between Sines and Sagres. The map below shows only the path for stage 9.

Map of route TP-09 of the fishermen’s trail of the Rota Vicentina.

I chose to start the walk in Vila do Bispo, where I left my car. There is a regular bus service between Sagres and Vila do Bispo, or taxi services, to return. There are more buses during school days compared to weekends, so I recommend you do a bit of research beforehand. At the end of the day, it works alright.

The weather forecast for the day was sunny and mild, which was perfect for a long walk. Spring has arrived in full force, coloring the landscape with many flowers. In fact, one of my interests in this walk was to spend some time searching and photographing several species of flowers that are typical of this region. For such, I had with me an old high quality close-up filter (or diopter lens) to mount on my Fujinon 70-300mm lens; this combination is very good for near macro photography, and I got nice images.

Leaving Vila do Bispo, the path heads directly to the coast, climbing gently until it reaches the coastal plateau. Along the way, some red poppies start to appear in the countryside. It is an easy going and enjoyable walk, and also quite popular, judging by the number of people on the trail. Indeed, when I walk in the interior routes, I normally don’t see anybody, but here that is not the case. Nevertheless, the only sounds I hear are the strong wind and the chirping of small birds.

Countryside near Vila do Bispo.
The trail to Sagres.
Popular trail.
Small bird.

My first planned stop is at Ponta Ruiva (or red rock point), which owes its name to the strong red color of the outcropping rocks. Along the way, I photograph a few more flowers. Some of them are really small, only 1 or 2 cm in diameter; this, plus the constant wind, makes for challenging photographing conditions, but I am patient. There is always a lull in the wind, just 1 or 2 seconds when the wind abates, and that is when I take the photo.

Musk Stork’s-bill.
Bee in lavender.
Scrambling Gromwell. This is a tiny flower with a strong color.
Pale Flax.
Rock Rose.

At the middle of the day, the light is not the most interesting one, so I decide to go for long exposures at Ponta Ruiva, using a neutral density filter. The blue of the sea is really vivid, and the coastal cliffs are more than 100 m high; down below, the waves crash incessantly against the rocks. We are close to Torre da Aspa, the highest point in the west coast of the Algarve, and it shows.

Ponta Ruiva.
Ponta Ruiva.
Coastline near Ponta Ruiva.

A note of caution, which is actually valid for this entire coastal region: the wind is normally strong here, so take proper care when approaching the edge of the cliffs. I keep walking, already with the Cabo São Vicente and its lighthouse visible in the distance. But before arriving there, it is time for a picnic lunch in the Telheiro beach. This beach is famous for its geology, notably an angular unconformity, where the more recent rock strata overlies the near vertical older rocks below. This means that the older rocks were compressed by huge tectonic forces, uplifted and eroded for millions of years, before the younger ones were deposited over them. The best location to see this is on the northern part of the cliff, which is only accessible during low tide. Unfortunately, this is not the case, so I will have to go back another time. Still, this geometric relationship can be also be seen from above, even though it is not the optimal view. Along the trail near Telheiro, it is possible to see some endemic and rare plants, which grow in the calcareous soil of this area.

Telheiro beach.
Angular unconformity in Telheiro.
Gum cistus. It is a rare and endangered plant, endemic to southwest Algarve.
Grey-leaved Cistus. The flowers only last 1 day.

After Telheiro, the path enters an area composed of limestone rock, which has been eroded, creating a typical karstic landscape. The terrain is made up of loose rocks and is not level, so be careful not to twist an ankle. Many plants are in bloom, some with tiny flowers sheltered amongst the rocks, where the sand has accumulated.

Catchfly. Typical of sand dunes.
Snapdragon growing in the sand dunes.
Catchfly nested in the rocks.

After a while, I arrive at São Vicente, but I do not stop there, since I plan to return at sunset. So I keep walking towards Sagres, leaving the path now and then to see the views from the top of the cliffs. It is worth stopping in Beliche to see the fort with the chapel, and the beach with the same name. The landscape here is amazing, with large promontories jutting into the sea. In the distance, it is possible to see the famous Sagres fort, from where the Portuguese Age of Discoveries was planned. People used to say that the world ended here, and one can appreciate why, when facing this endless sea.

Cave near Sagres. The waves go inside and are pulverized, resulting in foam and mist coming out. Sagres fort is in the distance
Panorama of the same location as in previous photo.
Beliche chapel and fort.
Beliche beach.
Sagres promontory in the distance.

I finally arrive in Sagres, and I am lucky because I do not have to wait long for the bus to Vila do Bispo. As a note, the bus stop is right next to the tourism office in the centre of the village. It is only a 10 minute ride back to Vila do Bispo, so pretty soon I am back where I started.

Church in Vila do Bispo.

I rest for a little while, before driving to São Vicente for some photography at sunset. The lighthouse is a popular place with tourists, and a great viewpoint from which to admire the surrounding landscape. The sheer vertical cliffs dropping down from the plateau into the deep blue ocean below, with the crashing waves, make for a beautiful scenery. Again, please be careful if you venture into the cliffs, because the wind is really strong; a sudden change of wind direction can be dangerous if you are too close to the edge. I sit down on some rocks and set up the camera in the tripod to make some photos.

Looking north from the Cabo São Vicente.
Same as above, this time with a telephoto lens. The colorful rocks in the middle distance are in Telheiro beach.
The lighthouse of São Vicente.

Watching the sun going down near the lighthouse was the perfect way to end this memorable day in this beautiful region.

On the trail in route 7 of the Rota Vicentina, SW Portugal

I have walked several trails of the Rota Vicentina since January, with a mix of new and old ones. After a few years of walking in this wonderful SW region, I have a few favorite routes, including this one. Looking at my records, it was the fifth time that I have walked this trail since 2019; in fact, I do this trail every year. So what makes this route so special? In my opinion, if you want to experience the character of the interior region of Odemira, this trail is perfect. It takes you along beautiful rural landscapes, where you can find very old cork oaks, typical farm houses, and panoramic views from the top of the hills.

Spring is a good time to visit, with the fields covered in green grass, and several wildflowers in bloom. Of course I had my camera with me, and of course it was a challenge to try and come away with different photos from the other visits… I have seen this landscape at the end of summer, when it is dry and brown, and at the end of winter, when it is wet and green. What follows is a collection of the photos I made during this latest visit, with my trusty Fujinon 33mm lens, a standard for the APSC format.

Map of route 7, which is located a few km east of the village of São Luis.
Typical landscape along this trail.
Large cork oak.
Old farm house.
Naked tree.
“Erva das Sete Sangrias”, or Lithodora prostrata. These tiny blue flowers are quite vivid in color.
View from the chapel hill. This part of the countryside still has a large area of cork oaks.
The small chapel of Nossa Senhora das Neves.
The pink heather attracts a lot of bees, which results in very tasty honey.
Spring has arrived. This is a panorama assembled from 8 photos.
Weekend bikers near the village of Monte da Estrada, one of the possible starting points for this trail route.

On the trail in route 19 of the Rota Vicentina, SW Portugal

As I mentioned in my last blog entry, this month I have walked two routes of the Rota Vicentina for the first time. Today I want to write about route 19, which is located near the village of Bordeira, as indicated in the map below. It is actually located close to route 21 which I have described before, near Carrapateira.

Map of route 19.

This is one of the longest circular routes but it does not have any steep inclines, so it is easy going. The village of Bordeira is nested in the flank of a gentle hill, and has several interesting points, like its church, which dates from the middle of the 15th century.

Panorama of the village of Bordeira.
Church in Bordeira.
Route 19 is also known as route PR3 of the Aljezur municipality.

Leaving Bordeira, the path quickly enters a forested area, where cork oaks predominate. The weather is slightly overcast, with the clouds acting like a giant umbrella, softening the light.

View over the valley near the beginning of the trail.
Trail marker.
Oak hill.

Near the middle of the trail, there is a nice valley which is covered in green grass, surrounded by large oak trees. There are also some flowers that have bloomed in the fields. I spend some time here, before resuming the walk.

Green field.
First seasonal flowers.

My next stop is in a lake created by a small reservoir used for the cattle. The wind creates ripples in the surface of the water. I rest for a while and make a few photos.

Small lake.

The path continues to climb in a gentle fashion, until it reaches the top of the mountain. The wind is stronger now, and the vegetation is scarce; in the distance I can see a sliver of the ocean near the horizon. A good part of the walk goes along the top, before descending into another green valley.

At the top of the mountain.
Shaded path.
Old farm.

As I approach a group of abandoned farms known as Samouqueira, I notice a couple of bikers on the road. I take the opportunity to make a few interesting photos. Once they disappear in the distance a complete silence descends again over the landscape.

Old farm in Samouqueira.
Unexpected encounter.
Off road.
Large cork oak tree.

From Samouqueira only a few easy going km remain until arriving back in Bordeira. This part of the walk follows the Bordeira valley, parallel to the black top road. This was without a doubt another excellent route to walk, and for sure I will return in the future.

I stopped in Aljezur on the way back home, and made a panorama of the village.

On the trail along route 21 of Rota Vicentina, SW Portugal

Just a few days ago I had the opportunity of walking a couple of new (for me) circular routes in the Rota Vicentina. Today I want to describe my experience in route 21, which is located near the village of Carrapateira, in the western coast of Algarve. This is a popular destination, thanks to the several spectacular beaches in the vicinity, like Carrapateira, Amado, and Murração. There are several routes that follow the coastal areas, but this one heads off towards the mountainous interior (see map below).

Map of route 21.

Before arriving in Carrapateira, you will notice that the topography changes, with the appearance of rounded hills covered in short trees and shrubs. In between these hills there are valleys where ephemerous creeks run after rainy periods. It had rained a few days before I walked this trek, so the landscape was greener than usual, and even some flowers had appeared.

After parking the car in the village, it is easy to find the beginning of the trail. The initial km follow a dirt road that climbs gently between hilly terrain, before reaching the top of the first mountain; from here it is possible to see a few beaches in the distance. I make a few photos along the way, the day is sunny but cold, with crisp air and a stiff breeze. It is interesting to appreciate the dual nature of this region, characterized by the close proximity between the coastal and rural areas.

Beginning of the trail, with Carrapateira in the distance.
Small farm.
View from the top of the hills, with Carrapateira in the distance.

Continuing to walk inland, I arrive at a nice viewpoint that affords a fantastic view over the Serra Algarvia, with the Monchique mountain in the far distance. The nearby mountains are covered with cork oaks, pines, and arbutus. From here, the trail descends steeply into the Vilarinha valley, where a few houses make up a small village. Some cattle is grazing in the fields. This is a wonderful part of the walk, as it crosses lush land. The only people I meet are a couple of cyclists and a farmer tending to the cows.

View of the Serra Algarvia.
Farm in the Vilarinha valley.
Eye to eye.

After crossing Vilarinha, I find a nice spot to have a picnic lunch and I rest for a while. The rest of the trail continues along the top of the hills, affording some good views of the surrounding landscape, before descending into Carrapateira.

Flower in the path.
Vilarinha valley.
Arriving back at Carrapateira, near the end of the route.

After walking this route for the first time, I can say that it became one of my favourites. On the way back home, I made two extra stops, the first one in the iconic beach of Arrifana, and the second one in the windmill of Rogil, another local landmark. Arrifana is simple a beautiful beach, more so in a winter afternoon, with only the surfers around. I waited there for the sunset, and made several photos.

Panorama of the Serra Algarvia, with Monchique in the distance. Taken from the side of the road between Aljezur and Arrifana.
Arrifana beach view from the top. There is a steep and narrow path that leads to this viewpoint, on the south of the beach.
Arrifana beach.
Arrifana beach.
Surf board.

I was lucky to be at Rogil a few minutes after sunset, when the sky was filled with soft pink and purple colours. It was an excellent way to finish this wonderful day.

Dusk in Rogil.
Dusk in Rogil.
Dusk in Rogil.

In the countryside along route 13 of Rota Vicentina, SW Portugal

This is one of the many routes of the Rota Vicentina network in southwest Portugal, and passes through the villages of Santa Clara-a-Velha, Sabóia and Totenique. The area is characterized by a rural landscape, where small farms can be found dispersed in the hills. Details can be found in the following link:

A general map is shown below as a quick reference for this 13.5 km walk.

Trail number 13 of the Rota Vicentina, shown on the western side of the map.

The trail starts in Santa Clara-a-Velha, a small village near the river Mira, following the river valley along the first half of it. You can park your car near the tourism office and perhaps get some supplies from the local café. From here, the path crosses the river in a pleasant wooded area. There has been a drought in the last couple of years, so this part of the river is normally dry, but due to recent rainfalls, the water is running again.

Rural fields in winter, before Santa Clara-a-Velha.
Rural fields in winter, before Santa Clara-a-Velha.
Old farm house and fields.
River Mira in Santa Clara-a-Velha.

The first few kilometres of the trail are easy to walk, crossing hilly terrain before arriving at the Santa Clara and Sabóia train station. From the top of a hill, the scenery is nice, with a succession of green valleys and mountains.

View over the Santa Clara and Sabóia train station.
Train station.

After so many months of drought, the rainfalls in December have changed the landscape completely. The ground is covered with green grass, and there are many patches of flowers. Looks like spring has arrived during the winter, a feeling that is reinforced by the balmy temperatures. Leaving the train station behind, the trail then crosses several farms located in a valley, and I stop here and there to make some photos.

Rural landscape.
Water for cattle.
Along the trail.
Local farm.

Even though it is mid morning, the winter sun is low in the sky, and as I climb the shaded side of a hill, I notice many spider webs in the ground. These are covered with water droplets from the night’s moisture and morning dew. Mushrooms are also conspicuous, and come in different varieties.

Dew in spider web.

It is almost time for a picnic lunch, so I take a well deserved rest near the small group of houses that are known as Totenique. Most of them are abandoned, but the fields are still cultivated and there is some cattle grazing nearby. The name comes from the nearby creek, one of the river Mira subsidiaries. As I cross a small bridge, I notice the pattern of the sunlight’s reflection on the surface of the water, almost like dancing ripples.

After the rain.
Water and ripples.

The last part of the trail traverses the Totenique valley, before a steep climb reaches the top of the mountain. From here there is a nice view over the valley to the west, and it is an appropriate time to take a breather.

View over the Totenique valley.

It is also worth admiring the view towards Santa Clara-a-Velha in the east, before descending into the village, where this circular trail ends.

View over Santa Clara-a-Velha.

When I visit this place, I like to go to the Santa Clara-a-Velha dam, where the water from the river Mira is captured, forming one of the largest lakes in Portugal. With the approach of sunset, the temperature dropped a bit, and a stiff wind started to blow, creating ripples on the surface of the water. I was glad to see that, compared to summertime, the level of the water seems to have risen about 5 or 6 metres, which is great news.

Santa Clara-a-Velha lake and dam.
Santa Clara-a-Velha lake and dam.

Another local attraction worth visiting is the Dona Ana bridge, a medieval structure close to Santa Clara-a-Velha. This is an old stone bridge over the river Mira, but unfortunately only half of the span remains. Depending on the season and amount of water in the river, it may be more or less difficult to walk down to the bank. This time I was lucky, as the river had plenty of water.

Medieval bridge in the river Mira near Santa Clara-a-Velha.

As always, in terms of my photography, I like to keep things simple. For this walk I carried only my wide angle (Fujinon 16mm f/1.4) and standard (Fujinon 33mm f/1.4) lenses in my backpack. This was another happy day in one of the trails of the Rota Vicentina.

From Vila do Bispo to Cordoama beach, SW Portugal

I found myself spending a few days after Christmas in the southwest coast of Portugal. After a couple of weeks of heavy rain, the weather became sunnier, so it was perfect for walking in the many local trails of the Rota Vicentina. One of my favourite routes is number 24, a circular path that starts in the town of Vila do Bispo and heads to the coast. I have done this trail a few times before, but I like it so much that I don’t mind repeating it. In fact, this route takes you into direct contact with the essence of this land: a high coastal plateau characterized by hills and deeply cut ravines, leading to some of the best wild beaches in Europe.

The following map shows the trail, which is around 16 km long.

Map of route 24 of Rota Vicentina.

The morning is sunny, and even though it is winter, the temperature is forecasted to reach 23 Celsius, which feels more like springtime. After the rain the land is covered with green grass and yellow flowers; it does look like spring. The trail is easy to follow, and after a couple of hours, it starts to approach one of its highlights, the descent towards Barriga beach. It is impossible not to stop to admire the view, with the hills transitioning abruptly to the azure of the ocean.

Arriving at Barriga beach.

Take some time to stroll in the beach and enjoy the surroundings. The dark schist cliffs are still covered by the morning mist. When the tide is low, it is possible to walk for several kilometres along the sand.

Low tide at Barriga beach.

Leaving Barriga beach, the trail climbs up the steep hills, until it reaches the second highlight of the day, the viewpoint over Cordoama beach. From here it is possible to admire a good part of the Vicentina coast, starting at Arrifana in the north, and extending into Castelejo and beyond, to the south.

Looking south over Cordoama beach.
Looking north.
Surfing is very popular in Cordoama.

These beaches are a fantastic place to spend the rest of the day, but after a picnic lunch, it is time to return to the trail. It is a steep ascent from the beach to the top of the hill, but the view from is well worth the effort. From here, the rest of the walk is easy, crossing a quiet woodland in a secluded valley, before arriving at Vila do Bispo.

Along the trail in the coastal hills, after leaving Cordoama.
Quiet woodland, where pine trees dominate.
Green fields near Vila do Bispo.

On the way from Vila do Bispo to my house, I stopped at another one of my favourite beaches, Arrifana. I wanted to make some photos at sunset, so I parked the car, and went looking around, trying to find a good viewpoint. There are several places from where to make good photos looking down onto the beach, but I chose one that is not so obvious, near the edge of the cliff. Even though I have been here so many times, I always feel elated every time I return. The tall dark cliffs, with their folded rock layers, are constantly buffeted by the waves.

Long exposure in Arrifana, under golden light.
Coastal cliffs north of Arrifana.

This coastal region is a treasure trove for Nature lovers, and is beautiful all year round. Walking the many available trails is the perfect way to experience it. A final mention about the photo gear I had in my backpack, which included a wide angle lens (Fujinon 16mm f/1.4) and a standard lens (Fujinon 33mm f/1.4).

A quiet dawn

December in Portugal has seen a lot of rain (finally!) across the country. In the beginning of the month I spent a few days in my house in the Alentejo coast, putting some time aside for photography. The weather was overcast for the most part of my stay, but I decided to go out and photograph in Vila Nova de Milfontes just before sunrise. I really like to stroll along the beach, where the river Mira reaches the Atlantic.

What follows is a collection of the photos I made that morning, using just one camera (Fujifilm X-T30) and one lens (Fujinon 16-80mm f/4), plus the tripod. I walked along the sand near the river bank, photographing the village and the scenery as the morning light shone through the clouds. In about one hour, the blue hour transitioned into the golden hour, creating nice conditions to photograph.

By the pier.
First light.
Rising color.
Incoming tide.
Open sky.
Brooding clouds.
The path.
Waking up.

Autumn on the beach.

After visiting the Gerês and São Mamede natural parks, I have returned to my usual forays in the southwest coast of Portugal, namely in the region around the villages of Longueira and Almograve. I enjoy walking along this coastal region all year round, but Autumn is a special season. Day time becomes shorter and the light acquires a special quality, as the sun sits lower in the horizon. Temperatures during the day are still balmy and nice for long walks on the nearby beaches. Therefore, I decided to visit the beaches of Brejo Largo and Almograve on two different afternoons. Conditions were great, with low tide occurring at sunset.

Brejo Largo, a few kilometres north of Almograve, is a beautiful beach, that can be easily reached by foot. On these walks I like to carry only a camera and lens, plus the tripod. This time around I carried my Fujifilm X-T30 camera and 16-80mm f/4 zoom lens. This offers a great flexibility for composing when walking along the coastal cliffs, where the room to maneuver is scarce. Photographic subjects are abundant, from exotic rock formations to tide pools.

Racing in the pool.
Sandy vastness.
Folded half.
Iron-rich water.

I spent a couple of hours making several photos along the beach and in the nearby rocky coves. At sunset, the colours became quite vivid, especially in the clouds. After a few more photos, I walked back home; it had been an excellent afternoon.

Sand, sea and clouds.
At the end of the day.

A couple of days later I went to Almograve and photographed along the coast between the beach and the small fishing inlet of Lapa de Pombas. This part of the coastline is full of rocky coves and small bays, with a large number of folded layers of rock. In the low angle and warm light of the afternoon, they make for interesting subjects. The surrounding sand dunes have been consolidated throughout geological time by iron oxide cement; in places they exhibit some strong yellow and orange colours. This contrast between the colourful rocks and the blue of the ocean is enhanced close to sunset time and can work very well in these coastal photos. Arriving at Lapa de Pombas I found the local group of cats lazing in the sun.

Folded rocks.
Consolidated dunes.
Lapa de Pombas harbour.

Sunset is always a nice time for photography, but the light does not last for long. I made a few photos in Almograve beach, also including the Moon rising over the cliffs.

Into the sea.
Low tide at sunset.
Moonrise over the cliffs.

Even after photographing these places for decades, I always enjoy returning to them; there is always something new to discover.

A trip in the Natural Park of the Serra de São Mamede, Portugal: part 2.

On this second part, I will summarize two days that include visits to the iconic villages of Marvão and Castelo de Vide, plus a few other interesting places.

Marvão is probably my favourite village in the region, as it lies at around 900m of altitude. It has been the site of many fights between Christians and Moors, during the early 12th century, and after that between Portugal and Spain, during border disputes. The medieval town was erected over a previous Arab fortress, which was built by Maruane in the year 884. So, as you can imagine, the cultural heritage is quite significant. The medieval houses are completely encircled by the ramparts, with the main castle to the North. Walking along the ramparts, it is possible to have a small idea of life in those ancient times. It is also possible to admire the eagles and vultures flying above the surrounding landscape. Besides the castle, there are several old churches and a museum that are worth visiting. The surrounding hills are covered with chestnut and hazelnut trees, which represent an important income for the local inhabitants. Finally, if you have the time, take the walk along PR1, a trail that connects Marvão to Passagem via a medieval road.

Medieval road to Marvão.
Along trail path PR1.

As you walk through the narrow streets, you will find surprises at every corner: small statues, old windows, interesting doors, and fountains.

Cross in Marvão.
Fountain square.
Tie your horse here.
Small sculpture in wall depicting the holy Family escaping to Egypt.

From across the valley, the clouds had been piling up in the heat of the afternoon, and soon thunderstorms could be heard. I made a couple of photos and later on decided to convert them to black and white for the added sense of drama.

Thunderstorms in the distance.
Village of Marvão.

The sky was clouded, but I had hope that as the sunset approached, some light would break through the cloud cover. I was lucky and a few minutes later there was a brief moment of sunshine, and the warm light of the late afternoon illuminated the village.

Emerging from the rock outcrops.
One of the churches.

I always enjoy a visit to Marvão, and this time was no exception. Leaving it behind and driving down the mountain, I made a final stop to photograph it from below. From here, Marvão looks like a perfect extension of the massive rock formation over which it was built.

View of Marvão at the top of the mountain.
View of Marvão at the top of the mountain.
Autumn colors.

The following day was dedicated to Castelo de Vide, another medieval town and highlight of the park. Lying at the top of a hill at around 500m altitude, it is almost like a sister to Marvão, as it shares a lot of common history. This history can be seen and felt walking along its narrow streets, which rise up to the large keep. The medieval quarter inside the ramparts is very well preserved, with its numerous medieval doors. Under the protection of the castle, the old Jewish quarter is also preserved, and the synagogue is today a museum. This region played an important role during the 16th century, when the Jews were expelled from the Iberian peninsula, and this heritage is still alive today.

Medieval street in Castelo de Vide.
Roof tops.
Sculpture above door.
Fountain square.
Entrance to the synagogue.
Old inscription in door.

Attesting to the prehistoric occupation of the region, there are two megalithic monuments in the vicinity that are quite interesting. The first is the dolmen of Melriça, which is located 6km away from Castelo de Vide. This funerary monument was first discovered in the late 1800’s, and today it lies in a farm.

Prehistoric dolmen near Castelo de Vide, in Melriça.
Castelo de Vide seen from Melriça.

The other prehistoric site is the menhir of Meada, and is not very far away. It was discovered in 1965, and it it is the tallest in the Iberian peninsula, with 7.52m. It has been dated to the 6th millennium B.C., which makes it the oldest in the world.

The tallest menhir of Iberia is located near Castelo de Vide, in Meada.

After this rich immersion in prehistoric times, why not enjoy a swim in some of the park’s waterfalls? A nice one is the São Julião waterfall, hidden in a narrow valley after the small village of Porto de Espada, south of Marvão. Along the road, you can admire some of the largest chestnut trees of the region. You can park the car at the end of a dirt road, and take a short but steep walk down into the valley. The sound of the water is like a magnet in the hot afternoon. A swim in the refreshing water was a great way to end this day, and the wonderful trip in this natural park.

Chestnut trees near Porto de Espada.
The valley of São Julião.
Waterfall in São Julião.
Waterfall in São Julião.

A final word about the photographic gear used during this trip will be quite brief. I only carried one camera and one lens with me, the Fujifilm X-T30 and the Fujinon 16-80mm f/4 lens. This makes an ideal travel combination, for low weight, reliability, image quality, and flexibility. I only had to use the tripod for dawn and dusk really low light photos.